“All Gave Some; Some Gave All”

Commitment to service in the American Armed Forces by those connected to Hartland traces back to some of its early settlers who served before moving to Hartland and has continued throughout the decades in every major war, conflict or defense in the history of the United States.

Revolutionary War

Known Veterans who settled in Hartland

John Spearin |1764-1830 | Fullers Corner Cemetery

Simeon Starbird | c1750-c1830 | Unknown Burial Location

John Whiting III |1759-1846 | Fullers Corner Cemetery

Uzziel Withee, Sr |1765-1862 | Ireland Cemetery

Dr. John Warren (1755-1815), original land proprietor of Hartland, was also a decorated Revolutionary War Veteran. His older brother Dr. Samuel Warren (1741-1775) played a leading role during the early days of the American Revolution eventually serving as President of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress.

The Death of Dr. Samuel Warren at the Battle of Bunker Hill – June 17, 1775 – by John Trumbull

The War of 1812

Known Veterans who settled in Hartland

Benjamin Chase, Sr | 1791-1874 | Browns Corner Cemetery

Benjamin Church | 1766-1813 | Killed In Action

Isaiah Elliott |1792-1860 | Ireland Cemetery

William Harvey II |1777-1853 | Ireland Cemetery

Thomas Marsh, Sr |1776-1870 | Fullers Corner Cemetery

James Morrill | 1788-1856 | Fullers Corner Cemetery

Edward Page, Jr |1780-1855 | Ireland Cemetery

Samuel Pennell |1788-1866 | Fullers Corner Cemetery

Jason Prescott | 1794-1883 | Ireland Cemetery

Thomas Tripp |1789-1885 | Ireland Cemetery

Uriah Spearin |1792-1865 | Fullers Corner Cemetery

Jonas Wheeler |1789-1866 | Nevens Cemetery

Maine State Militia

Soon after its acceptance into the Union as a State on March 15, 1820, Maine’s 1st Governor William King called for the formation of a State Militia on June 20th requiring the enrollment of able-bodied men throughout the state to receive monthly training and participate locally in an Annual Muster Day. The State Militia method had been set in place across the existing States after the War of 1812 and was intended to compliment the relatively small existing federal forces should the need arise.

State Militia General Orders – June 20, 1820

 

As early as 1821, Town Meeting reports show Hartland heeded the call to enroll its able-bodied men and meet the requirements of monthly training and an Annual Muster Day funded by the town for $50. While the Annual Hartland Muster Day adhered to state requirements in general, the reports show they were sometimes as much of a local social gathering than an application in actual military exercises. An 1826 report notes the town voted “that the soldiers be found with a good dinner and a gill of rum.”

No individual Roll Calls or Service Records have been found however minutes from these early meetings indicate there was at least one company of local State Militia in Hartland who drilled on a regular basis led by Ambrose Finson. Mr. Finson also hosted the Annual Muster Day at his homestead in West Hartland on several occasions.

State Militia Companies were organized in almost every town throughout Maine from 1820 through 1860. Many remained intact and active for decades however their military effectiveness would be greatly challenged at the outbreak of The Civil War as noted below.

The Civil War

“The long reign of peace had rendered military organizations unnecessary, and the opening of hostilities in 1861 found the militia of Maine in a neglected and unprepared condition. There was an enrolled but unarmed militia of about 60,000 men, and not more than 1,200 of these were in a condition to respond to any sudden call to arms in the emergencies contemplated by the Constitution of the State.” History of the Union Army

The Civil War involved upwards of 100 men with direct connections to Hartland including several native residents who had moved away before the war began and enlisted in other parts of the country. At least 20 of these men would never return home alive. There were also numerous men from other towns who enlisted in Hartland; some to capture the enlistment bounty being offered. A number of men who had lived and enlisted in other towns moved to Hartland following the war where many of them remained the rest of their lives. A compilation of these individuals connected to Hartland including their known birth, death, regiment, muster history and interment is presented below.

Hartland in The Civil War Report (pending)

Maine’s overall commitment and sacrifice to The Civil War was as great as any Union State with upwards of 80,000 men serving in various military branches over the course of the war. Estimates of some 9,000 men from Maine died during the war with thousands more wounded or inflicted with diseases which would plague them for the rest of their lives. A compilation of these individual units from Maine including their known muster history, service record and unit mortality is presented below as a reference to the regiments noted above which the men of Hartland served with during the war.

Maine in The Civil War Report (pending)

Hartland natives Dudley Annis, Jr and Almon C. Starbird were both serving with the 3rd Maine Infantry Regiment, Company B during The Battle of The Wilderness in the dense underbrush of Spotsylvania County, Virginia and were declared Missing in Action following the battle.

Battle of The Wilderness – Spotsylvania County, Virginia – May 5-7, 1864

A general timeline of major battles and related events of The Civil War, as compiled by the National Park Service, is included below as a cross reference to the involvement of various regiments noted above which the men of Hartland served with during the course of the war.

Timeline of The Civil War

A circa 1861 Civil War Muster article from Hartland was reprinted by the Lewiston Evening Journal in 1916.

Lewiston Evening Journal –  February 11, 1916 (Reprint)

 

1890 U. S. Federal Census – Special Civil War Veterans Addendum

Most of the 1890 U. S. Federal Census was destroyed, however a Special Schedule for surviving Civil War Veterans or their widows was saved. The separate form asked several questions including Rank, Regiment, Company, Service Dates and any recurring health issues. Not all of these Veterans, nor those deceased as noted by their widows, had enlisted in Hartland but had served from other towns and were living or had lived in Hartland following the war and in some cases, only the widow had moved to Hartland. Many men who had lived or enlisted in Hartland at the time of the war had moved to other towns or states.

Although the war had ended 25 years before, disabilities from injuries or ongoing symptoms from disease shown in the section at the bottom reveal most of these men suffered long after from the harsh and brutal conditions they endured during their service.

 

Although no local chapter in Hartland was ever established, the gravestones of Civil War Veterans interred in Hartland were memorialized with bronze “GAR 32” markers placed by the Grand Army of the Republic Goodwin Post No. 32 of St. Albans which was formally organized on February 8, 1881 by R. L. Howard. It began with 15 members with Calvin Bigelow named as its first Post Commander. The post was named in honor of St. Albans native George W. Goodwin who enlisted with the 20th Maine Infantry Regiment, Company F on August 29, 1862 and died in service at Falmouth, Virginia on December 30, 1862 at the age of 23. (Photo courtesy of St. Albans Historical Society)

Members of G.A.R. Goodwin Post No. 32 at Camp Benson Annual Reunion in Newport

Whether born and raised in Hartland, registered for service in Hartland, registered for service in other Towns or States and/or moved to Hartland following their service, these men & women proudly served their country in the United States Armed Forces. Please note we continue to update these listings as new information is discovered and welcome any additions or corrections via our Contact Us page.

Spanish-American War

Ernest Duncan | Perley Emery | Howard Penney | Almon Soule

(Died in Service)

World War I

Carl Baird | James Bowen | Joseph Buker | Harry Buzzell | Frederick Carlson | Elmer Chase | Clyde Cookson, Sr

Raymond Coolen | Justin Cooley | Harold Corson | Linwood Currier | Arnold Davis | Mervin Dore | Erroll Emery | Jesse Farnum

Frank Fellow | Frederick Fuller | Vincent Goforth | Milton Goodwin | Justin Goodwin | Frank Greene | Harold Heath

Harry Henderson | Sandy Hersey | John Hogan | Fred Hubbard | Meddie King | Christopher Linn | Clyde Linn

Otho Linn | Willis Linn | John Lyons | Albert Marr | Cecil McNally | Ivory McNally | Merrill Moore | Harold Norton

Charles Nutter | George Nutter | Harold Nutting | Horace Packard | Frank Palmer | Mark Perkins | Milo Richards

Desmond Robinson | Jesse Russell | Ivan Small | William Smith | Guy Soule | James Staples | Earl Steeves

Scott Tracy | Everett Vanadestine | Lewis Violette | Edward Walker | Chester Ward | Vernon Webber

Harold Wheeler | Raleigh Wheeler | Olney Wilbur | John Withee | Wilbur Worth | Melvin Wyman

(Updates Pending)

World War II

(List Pending)

(Missing or Killed in Action)

 

Citizens who remained at home during World War II supported their troops abroad with rubber & metal collections, gas rations and even automobile mileage rations. Food rations for items such as meat, butter and canned milk were issued throughout the country with sugar being the first and last commodity to be rationed for the war effort.

National World War II Ad Campaign  (Photo courtesy of Library of Congress)

 

The citizens of Hartland did their part contributing scrap metal, tires and rubber collected at Warren Square.

Hartland Metal, Tire & Rubber Collection – Warren Square 

 

Samples of Gas and Mileage Rationing used by Hartland native Gladys Salisbury.

World War II Rations  (Courtesy of Virginia Salisbury Tucker)

Korean War

(List Pending)

(Missing or Killed in Action)

Vietnam War

(List Pending)

(Missing or Killed in Action)

The commitment by Hartland citizens and their descendants living in other towns and states to serve their country continued through modern day conflicts with many enlisted in active service today.

~ National Veteran Observances ~

The exact origin of Memorial Day remains unclear with the U. S. Department of Veteran Affairs recognizing some 25 places claiming to have originated the holiday in the United States as far back as 1861. Regardless of its origin, honoring and mourning the military personnel who died while serving existed before the end of the Civil War and eventually became a Federal Holiday. (Compiled from Wikipedia Article)

It is unknown when Memorial Day, often referred to early as Decoration Day, was first celebrated in Hartland but the earliest known reference found so far comes from the 1903 Town Report; “Article 33 – To see what sum of money the town will vote to raise for Memorial Day Services.”

Memorial Day at Warren Square – 1919

Hartland Memorial Day Parade – 1946

Hartland Memorial Day Parade – 1959

 

Hartland Memorial Day Parade – 1969

 

Hartland Memorial Day – 2020 (Covid-19 Protocol)

 

Two other days celebrate those who have served or are serving in the U.S. military include Armed Forces Day, an unofficial U. S. holiday for honoring those currently serving in the Armed Forces, and Veterans Day which honors those who have served in the Armed Forces.

 

~ Hartland American Legion ~

The American Legion is an organization of United States War Veterans made up of State, U. S. Territory and Overseas Departments and in turn made up of local Posts. The organization was formed on March 15, 1919 in Paris, France by Officers and Men of the American Expeditionary Forces and was chartered on September 16, 1919 by the United States Congress. (Compiled from Wikipedia Article)

 

An application for a Post of The American Legion in Hartland was signed by local World War I Veterans on May 23, 1930. They requested to be known as Christopher G. Linn Post #141.  Christopher G. Linn  (1888-1926) was born and raised in Hartland and served in World War I with the 28th Army Infantry. Christopher is a son of Robert Wilson Linn, Sr and a grandson of Archibald Linn. The Legion’s first home was located in the Village but the exact location is currently unknown however they are referenced in several Town Reports from the time.

Hartland American Legion Post Application – 1930  (Courtesy of John Hikel)

 

On October 11, 1937 the American Legion Post #141 Women’s Auxiliary was organized and chartered with 15 Charter Members. Crystal (McPheters) Goforth, wife of Legion Charter Member Vincent Goforth, was the first elected President. Along with assisting the local Hartland Legion Post, their many other projects included sponsoring girls to attend Dirigo State, gathering Christmas gifts for local needy children, making Memorial Wreaths, assisting Veterans at Togus Hospital and honoring Hartland’s Veterans.

One of the many fund raising events organized by the American Legion Women’s Auxiliary over the years was a “Gala Nite & Cabaret” held at the Hartland Opera House on May 13, 1938. The entire original program of the evening’s event may be seen on the link below:

American Legion Gala Program May 13, 1938

 

In the Fall of 1950, the new Hartland Consolidated School was completed and all Hartland Elementary Grade classes were moved to the new school. The former schoolhouse on Pleasant Street was purchased later that year from the town by the Hartland American Legion.

Former Hartland American Legion Hall – Pleasant Street – 1970

 

In 1951, the Legion’s name was changed by members to Steeves-McCormack American Legion Post #141 in honor of two of Hartland’s men who were Killed In Action in World War II; Norman Steeves & Donlin McCormack. Following almost a century of use as a schoolhouse then as an American Legion Hall, the building was razed in 2003 and is currently a vacant lot.

Former Steeves-McCormack American Legion Hartland Post #141 Hall – Pleasant Street – 1984

 

The Steeves-McCormack American Legion Post #141 of Hartland has served the needs and interests of Veterans since their inception in 1930 and faithfully continue with their mission today. They have been active organizers and participants of local Veteran observances and every year hundreds of American Flags are placed on Veteran gravestones in Hartland by members of the Post.

 

~ World War I & World War II Hartland Honor Roll  ~

In 1949, an Honor Roll for World War I & World War II Veterans of Hartland was unveiled at the Bandstand in Warren Square. It is to be noted the Honor Roll Listing was based specifically on those who physically registered in Hartland for service and did not include any men or women who registered in another town or state.

Veterans of the Military Branches lead the Honor Roll Ceremony procession down Academy Street to Warren Square

 

Hartland Boy Scout Troop await the Honor Roll Ceremony

 

Hartland Minutemen arriving at Honor Roll Ceremony

 

Hartland Minutemen in front of Baptist Church at Honor Roll Ceremony

 

Preceding the Honor Roll Dedication Ceremony, a Gold Star Presentation was conducted for members of the families of Donlin McCormack, Arthur Sherburne, Norman Steeves and Clarence Walker who were Killed in Action during World War II. Absent was the family of Rendall Phinney who had moved from the area by this time.

(L-R): Charlotte Gordan (former fiancee’ of Clarence Walker) | Vivian Sherburne (Mother of Arthur Sherburne)

Elsie McCormack (Mother of Donlin McCormack) | Nina Steeves (Aunt of Norman Steeves)

 

Citizens on Commercial Street awaiting the Honor Roll Ceremony

 

Honor Roll Ceremony Opening

Honor Roll Ceremony Opening

 

Honor Roll Unveiled

 

Honor Roll

Veterans from Military Branches behind Honor Roll

 

Citizens in front of the Honor Roll

 

Honor Roll

 

Close-up of Honor Roll

The top of the Honor Roll was donated to the Hartland Historical Society who in turn returned it to the Hartland Volunteer Fire Department.

Hartland Volunteer Fire Department Emblem from the Honor Roll

 

~ Veteran Granite Monument ~

Unfortunately, the wooden Honor Roll was unable to withstand the forces of nature and had badly deteriorated by the early 1960s and was removed. In its place, a granite monument was set by 1969 by the town at the Warren Square Bandstand as a tribute to all the men and women of Hartland who served.

Veteran Monument at Warren Square – 1995

 

~ Veteran Memorial Granite Benches ~

Two new granite Veteran Memorial Benches were later added at the Bandstand. The benches were donated by the Galen Cole Foundation and the Cole Land Transportation Museum of Bangor. Several businesses and individuals donated to the effort including: Elmer & Beatrice Littlefield – Project Coordinators; E. W. Littlefield & Sons – Equipment & Materials; Hammond Lumber of Skowhegan – Insulation; Haley Construction – Crushed Stone & Concrete; Dave Bowden & Crew – Placing & Finishing Concrete; Edwin W. Littlefield & Christopher Littlefield – Time and Labor.

Town Manager Peggy Morgan, Elmer Littlefield, Chris Littlefield & Dwayne Littlefield (Photo by Brenda Seekins)

~ Hayden Veteran Memorial Park ~

In 2018, Steeves-McCormack American Legion Post #141 began privately raising funds to construct a Veterans Memorial Flag Display on Pleasant Street. Initial plans for the display featured the American flag with 6 additional flags honoring all branches of the Military including Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard and Merchant Marines.

Eventually, a POW-MIA flag was added as well as a new memorial bench, a new Honor Roll monument and the Cole memorial granite benches from the Bandstand. Most of the funds needed had been raised by late 2019 and the bulk of the required materials were purchased. Construction on the new display began in the Spring of 2020 with volunteer labor by numerous residents and the support of local businesses and groups. It was officially named Hayden Veteran Memorial Park during opening ceremonies.

Construction of Veterans Memorial Flag Display – May 2020

 

Construction of Veterans Memorial Flag Display – June 2020

 

Construction of Veterans Memorial Flag Display – June 2020

 

Construction of Veterans Memorial Flag Display – July 2020

 

Construction of Veterans Memorial Flag Display – July 2020

 

Construction of Veterans Memorial Flag Display – August 2020

 

On September 5, 2020, the Steeves-McCormack American Legion Post #141 Veterans Memorial Flag Display was ceremoniously dedicated as Hayden Park in honor of Korean War Veteran Durwood L. Hayden (1935-2020) who served as Legion Post #141 Commander for 30 years.

Hayden Veteran Memorial Park Dedication Ceremony – September 5, 2020

 

Hayden Veteran Memorial Park Dedication Ceremony – Honor Roll & Memorial Bench – September 5, 2020

 

Unlike the old Warren Square Honor Roll, which only included the men and women who physically registered for service in Hartland, the new Honor Roll also includes those who resided in Hartland during their lifetime or following their service but registered in another town or state.

Hayden Veteran Memorial Park Dedication Ceremony – Honor Roll (Front) – September 5, 2020

 

Hayden Veteran Memorial Park Dedication Ceremony – Honor Roll (Back) – September 5, 2020

 

Hayden Veteran Memorial Park Dedication Ceremony – New Memorial Bench – September 5, 2020

Hayden Veteran Memorial Park Dedication Ceremony – Veterans Group Photo – September 5, 2020

 

Hayden Veteran Memorial Park – 2020