Currently, no maps of Hartland detailing the locations of homes, businesses and merchants before 1860 have been discovered. Various documents provide us with enough information to know many existed in its early years of settlement, but most of the specific details of when they were built or by whom remain unknown. The following is based on our best interpretation of known maps, town records, census data, historical book references, photos, artifacts and family genealogical information. Updates will be made as new information is discovered.
The area which became Elm Street was also originally part of St. Albans when it was first purchased in 1799 by Dr. John Warren and later settled by William Moor in 1802. It is unknown exactly when Elm Street as we know it came to be built but according to the 1911-1912 East Somerset County Register at least part of the original road’s origins from Main Street ran closer along the banks of the Sebasticook River before joining back to its current route.
The Register also notes William Moor’s original lot ran about a mile along both sides of the river from the center of the Village encompassing the Elm Street area. It was likely part of the first connecting road system commissioned by Dr. Warren around 1804 to connect his 4 Townships of Hartland, Palmyra, St. Albans and Corinna which were constructed under the guidance of Samuel Lancey of Palmyra.
In 1827, Horace M. Stewart built the Hartland House on Elm Street serving as a hotel and tavern including passengers traveling along the Bangor to Norridgewock Stage Coach Route. A large livery stable to service the horse teams was built to the side of the building.
Hartland House – c1870
The Baptist Church was built in 1842 on the corner of Elm Street & Academy Street. Originally associated with the St Albans Baptist Church, its members voted to become independent in 1847 and formerly organized as the Hartland Baptist Church.
Baptist Church – c1877
An 1846 agreement set the Hartland-St. Albans Town Line at its current boundaries and the area of Elm Street officially became part of Hartland.
Hartland Village – 1860
James Fuller, Jr (1819-1895) moved from West Hartland into the Village sometime in the 1840s following his purchase of a large tract of land along Elm Street. His personal homestead included several large barns and out buildings. Fuller purchased the former Sewell Prescott, Jr store in Warren Squareand opened a general store. He was later joined in business by Andrew H. Buck operating as the Fuller-Buck General Store.
Following James’ death in 1895, his daughter, Dr. Sarah Jennie Fuller, resided at the residence until her death in 1931. Jennie was joined at the house by her recently widowed younger sister Harriet Underwood (Fuller) Baker in 1902.
Former James Fuller, Jr Residence – c1940
An edited original stereoscopic photograph taken from the Baptist Church Steeple around 1877 affords a bird’s eye view of Elm Street. The first set of buildings on the left is James Fuller, Jr’s homestead and his expansive tract of land. To the right is the Hartland House and Livery Stable followed by John J. Morrill’s homestead and several others houses. Morrill operated the J. J. Morrill Axe Manufacturing business on Main Street.
Elm Street from the Baptist Church Steeple – c1877
The number of houses was still fairly small by 1883 with James Fuller, Jr’s children occupying several of them on his properties.
Hartland Village – 1883
Henry Clay Fuller and Mary Isabelle Linn married in 1874 and lived at his Uncle Josiah Fuller’s house on Elm Street before building their new home across the street soon after 1896 which became known locally as “Fuller Mansion”. Henry Fuller (1854-1903) is a son of James Fuller, Jr & Sarah Underwood. Mary Linn (1856-1933) is a daughter of Archibald Linn & Grace Wilson. Henry became the President of the newly formed Linn Manufacturing Company upon the death of Archibald Linn in 1889.
Soon after they moved into their new house, Henry Clay Fuller was struck down by Tuberculosis in 1903 at the age of 43 years old leaving Mary to raise their remaining unmarried and surviving 2 sons.
After the last of her sons married in 1919, Mary remained in the house until the early 1930s when illness forced her to move to Quincy, Massachusetts to live with her son James Elmo Fuller and his wife Bertha Cherrington. Mary passed away in Quincy in 1933.
Following Mary’s death, James & Bertha Fuller moved into the house and are listed as the owners on the 1943 map. James passed away in 1947 and Bertha remained in the house until her death in 1968. Many Hartland locals recall Bertha giving piano lessons on the pair of Grand Pianos she had in the 2 front rooms.
The house was purchased soon after by Linwood & Marion (Ireland) Vanadestine who converted into a Boarding Home for the mentally challenged for many years. Following a new coat of paint, the former Fuller Mansion also became known locally as the “Pink Mansion” due to its new exterior color. Currently, in 2020 it stands abandoned.
Fuller Mansion – 1987
Dr. Charles A. Moulton established the St. Albans & Hartland Telephone Company in 1893 in St. Albans before moving to Hartland where he eventually built his new home and business on Elm Street. The company incorporated as the Hartland & St. Albans Telephone Company in 1903.
Hartland & St. Albans Telephone Company Directory – 1908
In 1913, D. Whiting & Son Creamery opened on Elm Street operating until about 1920 when it was sold and became the Hartland Co-Operative Creamery managed by Frank McCormack in 1922. The creamery building sat back off Elm Street across the street from the Fuller Mansion.
By 1943, several new houses had been built along Elm Street.
Hartland Village – 1943
Edmond Fuller house on Elm Street
Edmond Fuller Residence
Mark Perkins house
Mark Perkins Residence
Numerous schoolhouses were located throughout the Village, North Hartland and West Hartland for students attending Primary through 8th Grade in the Hartland School System since its early settlement. As many as 14 separate school districts which existed over the decades were eventually funneled down into a handful of rural schoolhouses in the early 1910s before the last standing rural school at Fuller’s Corner was closed in 1942 and students from every region of Hartland attended school in the Village.
Click the link below for a complete history of Hartland Common Schools
Overcrowding had been an ongoing issue for the Hartland School Department for many years. The eventual closure of all its rural schools further intensified the ongoing need for a larger, dedicated schoolhouse for its elementary grade students.
In 1949 the citizens of Hartland voted to build a new schoolhouse and in April of 1950 construction began on the Hartland Consolidated School. The 7 acre lot was purchased from the Estate of Dr. Jennie Fuller which had formerly been owned by her father, James Fuller, Jr.
Building the Hartland Consolidated School – 1950
The new Hartland Consolidated School served Primary through Grade 8 area students for the next 18 years until Nokomis Regional High School opened in 1968. With its high school grade students now attending Nokomis, 7th & 8th Graders began attending school at the former Hartland Academy renamed as Hartland Junior High School while the Hartland Consolidated School housed Primary through 6th Grade students.
Hartland Consolidated School – Primary to Grade 8
Following the opening of a new area middle school in 2002, Hartland Consolidated School served only Primary through Grade 4 students.
Somerset Valley Middle School – Grade 5 to Grade 8 – 2002
Hartland Consolidated School closed its doors as an educational facility after plans to build a new Nokomis Regional High/Middle School complex were approved in 2017. The students at Hartland Consolidated School were moved to the middle school building and once the new Nokomis complex opened in 2019 Somerset Valley Middle School was renamed as Somerset Elementary School for Primary through Grade 4.
Hartland Consolidated School – Primary to Grade 4 (Photo courtesy of Will Bunker Photography)