“From said Square to the Palmyra Town Line going south; Elm Street.”
Currently, no maps of Hartland detailing the locations of homes, businesses and merchants before 1860 have been discovered. Various documents provide us with enough information to know many existed in its early years of settlement, but most of the specific details of when they were built or by whom remain unknown. The following is based on our best interpretation of known maps, town records, census data, historical book references, photos, artifacts and family genealogical information. Updates will be made as new information is discovered.
The area which became Elm Street was also originally part of St. Albans when it was first purchased in 1799 by Dr. John Warren and later settled by William Moor in 1802. It is unknown exactly when Elm Street as we know it came to be built but according to the 1911-1912 East Somerset County Register at least part of the original road’s origins from Main Street ran closer along the banks of the Sebasticook River before joining back to its current route.
The Register also notes William Moor’s original lot ran about a mile along both sides of the river from the center of the Village encompassing the Elm Street area. It was likely part of the first connecting road system commissioned by Dr. Warren around 1804 to connect his 4 Townships of Hartland, Palmyra, St. Albans and Corinna which were constructed under the guidance of Samuel Lancey of Palmyra.
An 1846 agreement set the Hartland-St Albans Town Line at its current boundaries and the area of Elm Street officially became part of Hartland.
Hartland Village – 1860
Built around 1827 on the corner of Elm Street at Warren Square, this building would eventually become known as the Hartland House . While its early history in currently unknown, it served as a hotel, tavern and stage coach stop for passengers traveling along the Lancey Stage Coach Route from Pittsfield. A large livery stable to service the stage coach teams was also attached to the Elm Street side of the building.
Hartland House – c1870
The Baptist Church was built in 1842 on the corner of Elm Street & Academy Street. Originally associated with the St Albans Baptist Church, its members voted to become independent in 1847 and formerly organized as the Hartland Baptist Church.
Baptist Church – c1877
James Fuller, Jr (1819-1895) and his wife Sarah Ann Underwood (1822-1891) moved from West Hartland into the Village sometime in the 1840s following his purchase of a large tract of land along Elm Street. His sprawling homestead next to the Baptist Church included a large barn, out buildings and pasturing land next to his residence. Fuller purchased the former Sewell Prescott, Jr store in Warren Square and opened his store which soon included the Post Office. He was joined in business about 1865 by Andrew H. Buck operating as the Fuller-Buck General Store until it burnt down in late 1878. James is a son of original settler James Fuller, Sr and his 1st wife Rebecca Lancey.
Fuller & Buck General Store at Warren Square – c1877
An edited stereoscopic photograph taken from the Baptist Church Steeple around 1877 affords this bird’s eye view of Elm Street. The first set of buildings on the left is James Fuller, Jr’s homestead and his expansive tract of land. To the right is the Hartland House and its Livery Stable followed by John J. Morrill’s homestead and several others houses. At the time, John Morrill operated the J. J. Morrill Axe Manufacturing Company on Main Street.
Elm Street from the Baptist Church Steeple – c1877
A few additional houses had been built by 1883 with James Fuller, Jr’s children occupying some of them on his properties.
Hartland Village – 1883
At the 1897 Town Meeting, citizens of Hartland voted to accept an updated list of names for the existing streets in the Village including, “From said (Warren) square to the Palmyra Town Line going south; Elm Street.”
Dr. Sarah Jennie Fuller (1852-1931), daughter of James Fuller, Jr & Sarah Underwood, graduated from Hartland Academy then attended Salem Normal School in Salem, Massachusetts. She then attended Boston University School of Medicine where she received her degree as a Doctor of Medicine in 1882. After practicing medicine in St Paul, Minnesota for the next few years, she returned to her parents’ home in 1888 and carried on her homeopathic medical practice in Hartland for the next 20+ years.
Following James’ death in 1895, Dr. Jennie took over her father’s Elm Street residence. She was joined in 1902 by her recently widowed younger sister Harriet Underwood (Fuller) Baker and the two remained living at the house until she retired from medical practice in 1920.
Along with her successful medical practice, Dr. Jennie Fuller was well known as a fierce advocate for woman’s rights and was a prominent figure in Maine’s Suffragette Movement as well as Hartland. She was involved with local town affairs and according to reports of the day, was never reluctant to express her opinion on all matters.
Former James Fuller, Jr Elm Street Residence next to Baptist Church
Vincent Clay Goforth (1898-1977) moved from his native Missouri where he had been an undertaker to Hartland where he was later joined in the area by his brothers Robert & George Goforth. Vincent married Hartland native Chrystal McPheters in 1923 and within a couple of years they rented the former James Fuller, Jr residence from Dr. Jennie Fuller where he operated Goforth’s Funeral Parlor & Ambulance Service. The family was residing at the house in 1930 but shortly after Dr. Jennie’s death in 1931, Dr. Charles E. Norcross, D.D.S. of Hartland purchased the residence and Vincent & Chrystal moved the family to the (Webb) Ridge Road in St Albans by 1935.
Vincent retained his funeral parlor business on Elm Street until about 1942. Dr. Norcross then rented the house to Donald Shorey of Pittsfield where he operated his first funeral parlor in Hartland until 1945 when Dr. Norcross sold the house to Millard Cookson. Following the sale, Shorey moved his funeral parlor across the street into the 1st floor front unit of the Hartland House, owned by Lewis H. Barden at the time, until building a dedicated funeral parlor on Mill Street in 1956.
Former James Fuller, Jr Elm Street Residence
Lloyd Frederick Hubbard, Sr (1910-1977) eventually purchased the former James Fuller, Jr residence. “Red”, as he was known locally, worked for the Hartland & St Albans Telephone Company for many years and was General Manager for the company during its conversion to a new direct dial system in 1957.
Following Red’s death, the Baptist Church purchased the house in 1980 and moved their Parsonage from lower Elm Street into the building. They soon established the Hartland Christian School with their own state accredited program, teachers and classrooms as well as a new gymnasium built next to the Parsonage.
Hartland Christian School Gymnasium – 2020
Henry Clay Fuller (1854-1903) & Mary Isabelle Linn (1856-1933) married in 1874 and first lived at his Uncle Josiah Fuller’s former house on Elm Street as noted on the 1883 map above. Soon after 1896, they built their new home across the street which became known locally as the “Fuller Mansion”. Henry had become the President of the newly formed Linn Manufacturing Company upon the death of Archibald Linn in 1889. Henry is a son of James Fuller, Jr & Sarah Underwood and Mary is a daughter of Archibald Linn & Grace Wilson.
Fuller Mansion – c1905
In 1901, Henry Fuller and his son-in-law George Teel Osborne, who married his daughter Grace Wilson Fuller, expanded operations of the Linn Manufacturing Company with a new business called the “Fuller-Osborne Company”. The new company had several business interests including real estate, newspaper printing, clothing production and a greenhouse operation on Elm Street built next to the Fuller Mansion known as “Scotch Thistle Greenhouses”.
Scotch Thistle Greenhouse located next to Fuller Mansion
Several newspaper articles from The Pittsfield Advertiser chronicled the new greenhouse’s timeline:
1901 – “The new greenhouse recently completed by Henry C. Fuller is a fine addition to the business enterprise and will be a great convenience to the people of Hartland and vicinity as heretofore they have had to depend upon getting their cut flowers, etc., from out of town. It is 70 x 22 feet with spacious wings, and is fitted with all the necessary heaters, etc., to get the very best results at all times of year from the plants. He has bought a large number of plants for it, and the same have been set out for three or four weeks. He has a young man in charge who came from Scotland and one who thoroughly understands the business. Mr. Fuller thinks now that he will build another house of the same size next year and that he will have quite a business in this particular line.”
1902 – “The Scotch Thistle Greenhouses, which have been built by the Fuller-Osborne Company in this village this season are now completed and the growing of flowers of all kinds is progressing finely. The owners of this new enterprise announce that they are now ready to supply anything in this line at short notice. The houses are under the charge of a florist who has had much experience in this work and he knows how to produce the daintiest and sweetest flowers imaginable.”
1902 – “A particularly beautiful display of flowers may be seen at any time now at the Scotch Thistle Greenhouses. The business is growing rapidly, orders being shipped all over the state. The display of chrysanthemums is especially fine. George T. Osborne has our thanks for a beautiful bunch of roses which were sent from the Scotch Thistle Green Houses at Hartland. Mr. Osborne tells us that the greenhouses, which have been built at that place this season, are now completed and that flowers of all kinds can be furnished customers at short notice.”
1904 – “The Scotch Thistle Conservatories on Elm Street, in this village, are at present presenting a most beautiful appearance, and on entering the finely equipped office with ice closets connected, and passing through the different houses, one of the best and well cared for conservatories in the State is seen. The whole area of glass is 5000 feet and this is divided into four houses, the largest being 100 x 25 feet, and others 75 x 75 feet, 45 x 15 feet and 75 x 8 feet, respectively.
From the office the first department is devoted largely to pinks, about 200 Thomas Lawson pinks of unusually large size, the Queen white pink which are only two years old, the variegated Mrs. Bratt, Governor Crane and the bright red Estelle pink are in bloom. In this department are also a bed of about 2000 geraniums already to be potted. Florist Abraham will begin propagating pinks for next season. There are also a whole lot of silver tipped geraniums, just out of sand, in a thrifty condition.
The second department of this house is devoted to a large bed of calla lilies, budding and in bloom, smilax, asparagus, and a variety of potted plants. Connected with this is the work stop and boiler, steam heat being required.
In the 75 x 8 feet house are two departments, one devoted to palms, ferns and begonias, and the other is the violet room, and contains a bed of flowering violets, 45 x 3 feet while the 45 x 15 feet lean-too out the west end is used for the bedding of plants. Easter bulbs, etc., which will be ready to bloom at Easter.
In the 15 x 25 feet house, the first department is filled with pinks of the Lawson, Fenn and various other varieties. The second department is perhaps the handsomest and rarest room, as this contains the roses for which the Scotch Thistle Conservatories are noted. About 400 plants of the bride and bridesmaid roses are in bloom and the flowers are of huge size. This is one of the best rose houses in Maine and the crop for this year is unusually good. A bouquet of 75 pinks and white roses was on display and were some of the most beautiful specimens ever grown. Large shipments of these rare flowers are made every week to the conservatories in Dover, Dexter and Pittsfield.
Florist Fred H. Abraham has had many years’ experience in this work, having been previously connected with greenhouses in England and some of the best conservatories in Massachusetts. He thoroughly understands his work, as an hour spent in the different rooms connected with his labors testifies, and he takes great care in promptly executing all orders given him.”
Soon after they built the greenhouse, Henry Clay Fuller was struck by Tuberculosis and passed away on March 11, 1903 at the age of 43 years old at Boston City Hospital where he gone for advanced treatment. The Scotch Thistle Greenhouse continued operations overseen by George Osborne, himself widowed in 1901. It operated as late as 1916 before it was closed and removed from the site by 1917.
Following Henry’s death, Mary remained at the house raising their youngest surviving son Elmer Linn Fuller along with her son-in-law George Osborne and his mother Anna Foster (Teel) Osborne. George remarried in 1910 and returned to his native state of Massachusetts by 1920.
Fuller Mansion with Scotch Thistle Greenhouse
Mary (Linn) Fuller with her 3 surviving sons, their wives and children pose for a family photo at the Fuller Mansion in 1913.
Fuller Family Photo at Fuller Mansion – 1913 (Courtesy of Kathryn Clark)
Back Row (L-R): Elmer Linn Fuller | Jean Osborne Palmer (Elmer’s Wife) | Edith Larancy Fuller (Guy’s Wife) | Guy Goss Fuller
Mary Isabelle Linn (Henry Fuller’s Widow) | Bertha Harris Cherrington (James’ Wife) | James Elmo Fuller
Front Row: Kathleen Palmer Fuller (d/o Elmer & Jean) | Isabelle Abbie Fuller & Grace Wilson Fuller (d/o Guy & Edith)
Donald Walker Fuller & Linn Cherrington Fuller (s/o James & Bertha)
Mary remained at the house until the early 1930s when illness forced her to move to Quincy, Massachusetts to live with her son James Elmo Fuller and his wife Bertha Cherrington and their family. Mary passed away in Quincy in 1933 and is interred with Henry at Pine Grove Cemetery.
Following Mary’s death, James & Bertha moved back into the house after he retired and were listed as the owners on the 1943 map. James passed away in 1947 and Bertha remained in the house for the next few years until 1959. Many Hartland locals recall Bertha giving piano lessons on the pair of pianos she had in the 2 front rooms.
A 1956 newspaper article highlighted Mrs. Bertha (Cherrington) Fuller’s career as an accomplished pianist.
Bertha (Cherrington) Fuller Article – 1956
Bertha took a very bad fall in 1959 when she was about 76 years old and was confined to a nursing home in Skowhegan until her death in 1968. In January of 1960, she transferred ownership of the house to her son, retired U.S. Marine Corps Brigadier-General Donald Walker Fuller, Sr, who resided in Philadelphia at the time.
In April of 1962, Donald sold the Fuller Mansion to Linwood & Marion (Ireland) Vanadestine who converted it into a boarding home for the mentally challenged operating as Vanadestine’s Boarding Home. After a new exterior coat of paint, the house was often referred to locally as the “Pink Mansion” due to its new vibrant color.
It was purchased by Connie (Bunker) Nelson-Brown about 1978 who continued its use as a boarding home operating as The Ensign Boarding Home for many years.
Former Fuller Mansion as The Ensign Boarding Home – 1987
Dr. Charles Avery Moulton (1860-1946) was born in Concord, Maine. He attended Westbrook High School then graduated from Bowdoin Medical School in 1885. He practiced medicine for a year in North New Portland before moving to St Albans in 1886 where he continued his medical practice. In 1893, feeling the need for better means of communication in the areas he served, Dr. Moulton and several local businessmen began the St Albans Telegraph Company. In 1894 Dr. Moulton decided the telephone was a better communication device and established the St Albans & Hartland Telephone Company with 12 original subscribers including several in Hartland.
In 1897, Dr. Moulton moved to Hartland to be more centrally located to his numerous patients in the St Albans, Palmyra & Hartland areas while continuing his operations of the St Albans & Hartland Telephone Company in St Albans. Dr. Moulton and his wife Abigail A. Lunt (1861-1940) were living at their new home on Elm Street at the time of the 1900 Census with their daughter Ina Mae Moulton (1891-1960) the year before the birth of their son Arthur Lunt Moulton (1901-1985)
In 1903, Dr. Moulton re-organized his telephone company business and incorporated as the Hartland & St. Albans Telephone Company in 1903 with the new company’s office located on the 2nd floor of his Elm Street residence. The new company continued to operate its lines independently for a short time until December of 1904 when The New England Telephone Company announced they had assigned a portion of their service territory to the newly formed telephone company.
Hartland & St. Albans Telephone Company Directory – 1908
Following his move to Hartland, Dr. Moulton became a leading entrepreneur in the new era of telephone communication and electrical power distribution. He lived out the rest of his life in Hartland serving as a local family doctor, hospital administrator, businessman and an active member in town affairs until his death in 1946. Dr. Moulton’s contributions to Hartland and the surrounding communities are immeasurable by any standard. During his 50+ years of medical practice he served the people of Hartland, St Albans & Palmyra where he performed regular house calls to care for the sick, delivered children and made death pronunciations.
Along with his telephone company, he was also founder of the Hartland Electric Light & Power Company, founder of Scott-Webb Memorial Hospital where he also served as Administrator and Resident Physician. He served as a Hartland Town Selectman, Hartland School Physician, Hartland School Committee Member and Trustee of the Hartland Public Library . He was a 50 Year Member & Master of the Hartland Chapter of the Corinthian Lodge, Noble Grand of the Hartland Chapter of the I. O. O. F., and President of the Maine Medical Association as well as being a devoted husband and father. Dr. Moulton is interred at Pine Grove Cemetery with his wife and 2 children.
In 1913, D. Whiting & Son Creamery opened on Elm Street operating until about 1920 when it was sold and became the Hartland Co-Operative Creamery managed by Frank McCormack in 1922. The creamery building sat back off Elm Street across the street from the Fuller Mansion however no photos of the building have yet been found.
Elm Street from Warren Square
Edmond Lee Fuller (1865-1930) and his 2nd wife Lillian Adelaide Clark moved into their Elm Street home by 1920 with their daughter Angilee Lillian Fuller. Following Edmond’s death, Angilee and her newly wedded husband Harold Emery Seekins moved to St Albans with their infant son Edmond Harold Seekins and were joined there by Lillian. The house was purchased soon after by Owen Rowe and his wife Beulah Lancaster.
Edmond Lee Fuller Residence
Edmond Lee Fuller Residence
By 1943, several new houses had been built along Elm Street.
Elm Street Residence Ownership – 1943
Numerous schoolhouses were located throughout the Village, North Hartland and West Hartland for students attending Primary through 8th Grade in the Hartland School System since its early settlement. As many as 14 separate school districts which existed over the decades were eventually funneled down into a handful of rural schoolhouses in the early 1910s before the last standing rural school at Fuller’s Corner was closed in 1942 and students from every region of Hartland attended school in the Village.
Click the link below for a complete history of Hartland Common Schools
Overcrowding had been an ongoing issue for the Hartland School Department for many years. The eventual closure of all its rural schools further intensified the ongoing need for a larger, dedicated schoolhouse for its elementary grade students.
In 1949, the citizens of Hartland voted to build a new schoolhouse and in April of 1950 construction began on the Hartland Consolidated School on a 9-1/2 acre lot which was part of the original James Fuller, Jr homestead. The lot was purchased from the Estate of Dr. Jennie Fuller which Carl Randlett was Trustee.
Building the Hartland Consolidated School – 1950
The new Hartland Consolidated School served Primary through Grade 8 area students for the next 18 years until Nokomis Regional High School opened in 1968. With its high school grade students now attending Nokomis, 7th & 8th Graders began attending school at the former Hartland Academy renamed as Hartland Junior High School while the Hartland Consolidated School housed Primary through 6th Grade students.
Hartland Consolidated School – Primary to Grade 8
In the late 1990s, a large addition was built onto the rear of the building which included a new multi-purpose gymnasium, classrooms and library. Along with town and state funding, numerous private donations were made including a sizable donation which was acknowledged by its namesake as the Irving Tanning Community Center.
Irving Tanning Community Center Sign
Following the opening of a new area middle school in 2002, Hartland Consolidated School served only Primary through Grade 4 students.
Somerset Valley Middle School – Blake Street – Grade 5 to Grade 8 – 2002
Hartland Consolidated School closed its doors as an educational facility after plans to build a new Nokomis Regional High/Middle School complex were approved in 2017. The students at Hartland Consolidated School were moved to the middle school building and once the new Nokomis complex opened in 2019 Somerset Valley Middle School was renamed as Somerset Elementary School for Primary through Grade 4.
Somerset Elementary School – Primary to Grade 4 – Blake Street – 2019
Former Hartland Consolidated School – 2019
(Photo courtesy of Will Bunker Photography)
In 2021, the original Hartland Consolidated School building built in 1950 was razed making way for a new Senior Housing Complex.
Hartland Senior Housing Complex under construction – August 2021
(Photo by Bruce Fowler)