“From said Square to the Palmyra Town Line going south; Elm Street.”

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(Update in Progress as of 4/13/2024)

Elm Street

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Currently, no maps of Hartland detailing the locations of homes, businesses and merchants before 1860 have been discovered. Various documents provide us with enough information to know many existed in its early years of settlement, but most of the specific details of when they were built or by whom remain unknown. The following is based on our best interpretation of known maps, town records, census data, historical book references, photos, artifacts and family genealogical information. Updates will be made as new information is discovered.

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All of the Elm Street area, as well as much of the future Hartland Village area, was originally part of the future town of St Albans when it was purchased by William Moor of Goffstown, New Hampshire. Moor first came to explore the area around 1796 after St Albans was first surveyed as Township No. 5 in the 4th Range north of the Waldo Patent. Moor’s expansive lot stretched along both sides of the Sebasticook River and remained part of St Albans when it incorporated at a town in 1813.

This edited close-up of the original map surveyed by Samuel Weston in 1798 is rotated to a north-south perspective and highlights the original existing borders at the time of future towns surrounding Moor’s Lot S-17. Since Weston’s primary assignment was to survey St Albans and Palmyra, there were some obvious omissions on his map of Great Moose Lake bordering Hartland and Harmony and only a partial inclusion of its Sebasticook River outlet. Hartland’s original surveyed southern border with the L of Palmyra and the Gore of the Mile and a Half Strip are also highlighted. (See Maps page for further details)

Edited Map of William Moor’s Lot S-17 location in Township No. 5 – 1798

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For further visual reference, Moor’s entire Lot is highlighted below as it would have existed on a future map of the village area in 1883.

William Moor Lot Location Reference

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It is unknown exactly when Elm Street as we know it came to be built but according to the 1911-1912 East Somerset County Register at least part of the original road from Main Street ran closer along the banks of the Sebasticook River before joining back to its current route. It was likely part of the first connecting road system commissioned by Dr. Warren around 1804 to connect his 4 Townships of Hartland, Palmyra, St. Albans and Corinna which were surveyed and constructed under the guidance of Samuel Lancey of Palmyra as noted in records from Corinna.

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It would take until 1846, and several debates among citizens of both towns, before the current borders of the village area between Hartland and St Albans were finally established following a petition presented by inhabitants of St Albans living on the eastern side of the village area to the Maine State Legislature.

On August 7, 1846, the Legislature formally approved an Act to again alter some of the Hartland and St Albans town line on the eastern and a part of the western side of the village reading in part as, “From and after the passage of this act, all that part of the Town of St Albans, in the County of Somerset, which lies west of Lot Numbered Sixteen, in the First Range of lots in said Town of St Albans, be, and is hereby set off from said Town of St Albans and annexed to the Town of Hartland in said County.” 

As seen on this illustrated future map of 1883 as reference, the majority of this annexed land including Elm Street was William Moor’s entire original Lot Seventeen which had since been divided into multiple properties. Also included was a small section of land west of the northwestern side of Moor’s lot bordering the Sebasticook River which had been previously annexed from Hartland to St Albans in 1821.

Hartland Village following 1846 Land Annexation from St Albans

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Part of Elm Street seen from the 1860 Somerset County Map since it had become part of Hartland in 1846.

Hartland Village – 1860 Somerset County Map

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Built around 1827 on the corner of Elm Street at Warren Square, this building would eventually become most commonly known as the Hartland House although it did operate under various other names over the years. While details of its early history are currently unknown, it served as a hotel, tavern and stage coach stop for passengers traveling along the Lancey Stage Coach Route from Pittsfield. A large livery stable to service the stage coach teams was also attached to the Elm Street side of the building.

Hartland House – c1870

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The Baptist Church was built in 1842 on the corner of Elm Street & Academy Street and was originally known as the St Albans Baptist Church. Soon after the annexation of the area to Hartland, its members voted to become independent from their St Albans associates and formerly organized as the Hartland Baptist Church in 1847.

Baptist Church – c1877

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James Fuller, Jr (1819-1895) and his wife Sarah Ann Underwood (1822-1891) moved from West Hartland into the Village sometime in the 1840s following his purchase of a large tract of land along Elm Street. His sprawling homestead next to the Baptist Church included a large barn, out buildings and pasturing land next to his residence. James is a son of original West Hartland settler James Fuller, Sr and his 1st wife Rebecca Lancey.

James Fuller Jr Elm Street Homestead – c1877

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Fuller purchased the former Sewell Prescott, Jr store in Warren Square and opened his store which soon included the Post Office. He was joined in business about 1865 by Andrew H. Buck operating as the Fuller-Buck General Store until it burnt down in late 1878.

Fuller & Buck General Store at Warren Square – c1877

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An edited stereoscopic photograph taken from the Baptist Church Steeple around 1877 affords this early bird’s eye view of Elm Street. The first set of buildings on the left is James Fuller, Jr’s homestead and his expansive tract of land. To the right is the Hartland House and its Livery Stable followed by John J. Morrill’s homestead and several others houses. At the time, John Morrill operated the J. J. Morrill Axe Manufacturing Company on Main Street.

Elm Street from the Baptist Church Steeple – c1877

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A few additional houses had been built by 1883 with James Fuller, Jr’s children occupying some of them on his properties.

Hartland Village – 1883

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At the 1897 Town Meeting, citizens of Hartland voted to accept an updated list of names for the existing streets in the Village including, “From said (Warren) square to the Palmyra Town Line going south; Elm Street.”

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Dr. Sarah Jennie Fuller (1852-1931), daughter of James Fuller, Jr & Sarah Underwood, graduated from Hartland Academy then attended Salem Normal School in Salem, Massachusetts. She then attended Boston University School of Medicine where she received her degree as a Doctor of Medicine in 1882. After practicing medicine in St Paul, Minnesota for the next few years, she returned to her parents’ home in 1888 and carried on her homeopathic medical practice in Hartland for the next 20+ years.

Following James’ death in 1895, Dr. Jennie took over her father’s Elm Street residence. She was joined in 1902 by her recently widowed younger sister Harriet Underwood (Fuller) Baker and the two remained living at the house until she retired from medical practice in 1920.

Along with her successful medical practice, Dr. Jennie Fuller was well known as a fierce advocate for woman’s rights and was a prominent figure in Maine’s Suffragette Movement as well as Hartland. She was involved with local town affairs and according to reports of the day, was never reluctant to express her opinion on all matters.

Former James Fuller, Jr Elm Street Residence next to Baptist Church

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Vincent Clay Goforth (1898-1977) had been an undertaker when he moved from his native Missouri to Hartland soon after 1920 where he was later joined in the area by his brothers Robert & George Goforth. Vincent married Hartland native Chrystal McPheters in 1923 and soon after they rented the former James Fuller, Jr residence from Dr. Jennie Fuller residing there at the time of the 1930 Census where he operated Goforth’s Funeral Parlor & Ambulance Service. Following Dr. Jennie’s death in 1931, Carl Randlett purchased the house then sold it to Vincent in 1932. By 1935, Vincent & Chrystal moved their family to the (Webb) Ridge Road in St Albans but he retained his funeral parlor business on Elm Street until about 1942 when Dr. Charles E. Norcross, D.D.S. of Hartland purchased the residence.

Dr. Norcross then rented the house to Donald Shorey of Pittsfield who had been operating his first funeral parlor in Hartland at the Davis & Webber Block in Warren Square since 1934. In 1945, Dr. Norcross sold the house to Millard Cookson and Shorey moved his funeral parlor across the street into the 1st floor front unit of the Hartland House owned by Lewis H. Barden at the time until building a dedicated funeral parlor on Mill Street in 1956.   

Former James Fuller, Jr Elm Street Residence

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Lloyd Frederick Hubbard, Sr (1910-1977) eventually purchased the former James Fuller, Jr residence. “Red”, as he was known locally, worked for the Hartland & St Albans Telephone Company for many years and was General Manager for the company during its conversion to a new direct dial system in 1957.

Following Red’s death, the Baptist Church purchased the house in 1980 and moved their Parsonage from lower Elm Street into the building. They soon established the Hartland Christian School with their own state accredited program, teachers and classrooms as well as a new gymnasium built next to the Parsonage.

Hartland Christian School Gymnasium – 2020

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Henry Clay Fuller (1854-1903) & Mary Isabelle Linn (1856-1933) married in 1874 and first lived at his Uncle Josiah Fuller’s former house on Elm Street as noted on the 1883 map above. Soon after 1896, they built their new home across the street which became known locally as the “Fuller Mansion”. Henry had become the President of the newly formed Linn Manufacturing Company upon the death of Archibald Linn in 1889. Henry is a son of James Fuller, Jr & Sarah Underwood and Mary is a daughter of Archibald Linn & Grace Wilson. 

Fuller Mansion – c1905

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In 1901, Henry Fuller and his son-in-law George Teel Osborne, who married his daughter Grace Wilson Fuller, expanded operations of the Linn Manufacturing Company with a new business called the “Fuller-Osborne Company”.  The new company had several business interests including real estate, newspaper printing, clothing production and a greenhouse operation on Elm Street built next to the Fuller Mansion known as “Scotch Thistle Greenhouses”.

Scotch Thistle Greenhouse located next to Fuller Mansion

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Several newspaper articles from The Pittsfield Advertiser chronicled the new greenhouse’s timeline:

1901 “The new greenhouse recently completed by Henry C. Fuller is a fine addition to the business enterprise and will be a great convenience to the people of Hartland and vicinity as heretofore they have had to depend upon getting their cut flowers, etc., from out of town. It is 70 x 22 feet with spacious wings, and is fitted with all the necessary heaters, etc., to get the very best results at all times of year from the plants. He has bought a large number of plants for it, and the same have been set out for three or four weeks. He has a young man in charge who came from Scotland and one who thoroughly understands the business. Mr. Fuller thinks now that he will build another house of the same size next year and that he will have quite a business in this particular line.”

1902“The Scotch Thistle Greenhouses, which have been built by the Fuller-Osborne Company in this village this season are now completed and the growing of flowers of all kinds is progressing finely. The owners of this new enterprise announce that they are now ready to supply anything in this line at short notice. The houses are under the charge of a florist who has had much experience in this work and he knows how to produce the daintiest and sweetest flowers imaginable.”

1902“A particularly beautiful display of flowers may be seen at any time now at the Scotch Thistle Greenhouses. The business is growing rapidly, orders being shipped all over the state. The display of chrysanthemums is especially fine. George T. Osborne has our thanks for a beautiful bunch of roses which were sent from the Scotch Thistle Green Houses at Hartland. Mr. Osborne tells us that the greenhouses, which have been built at that place this season, are now completed and that flowers of all kinds can be furnished customers at short notice.”

1904“The Scotch Thistle Conservatories on Elm Street, in this village, are at present presenting a most beautiful appearance, and on entering the finely equipped office with ice closets connected, and passing through the different houses, one of the best and well cared for conservatories in the State is seen. The whole area of glass is 5000 feet and this is divided into four houses, the largest being 100 x 25 feet, and others 75 x 75 feet, 45 x 15 feet and 75 x 8 feet, respectively.

From the office the first department is devoted largely to pinks, about 200 Thomas Lawson pinks of unusually large size, the Queen white pink which are only two years old, the variegated Mrs. Bratt, Governor Crane and the bright red Estelle pink are in bloom. In this department are also a bed of about 2000 geraniums already to be potted. Florist Abraham will begin propagating pinks for next season. There are also a whole lot of silver tipped geraniums, just out of sand, in a thrifty condition.

The second department of this house is devoted to a large bed of calla lilies, budding and in bloom, smilax, asparagus, and a variety of potted plants. Connected with this is the work stop and boiler, steam heat being required.

In the 75 x 8 feet house are two departments, one devoted to palms, ferns and begonias, and the other is the violet room, and contains a bed of flowering violets, 45 x 3 feet while the 45 x 15 feet lean-too out the west end is used for the bedding of plants. Easter bulbs, etc., which will be ready to bloom at Easter.

In the 15 x 25 feet house, the first department is filled with pinks of the Lawson, Fenn and various other varieties. The second department is perhaps the handsomest and rarest room, as this contains the roses for which the Scotch Thistle Conservatories are noted. About 400 plants of the bride and bridesmaid roses are in bloom and the flowers are of huge size. This is one of the best rose houses in Maine and the crop for this year is unusually good. A bouquet of 75 pinks and white roses was on display and were some of the most beautiful specimens ever grown. Large shipments of these rare flowers are made every week to the conservatories in Dover, Dexter and Pittsfield.

Florist Fred H. Abraham has had many years’ experience in this work, having been previously connected with greenhouses in England and some of the best conservatories in Massachusetts. He thoroughly understands his work, as an hour spent in the different rooms connected with his labors testifies, and he takes great care in promptly executing all orders given him.”

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Soon after they built the greenhouse, Henry Clay Fuller was struck by Tuberculosis and passed away on March 11, 1903 at the age of 43 years old at Boston City Hospital where he gone for advanced treatment. The Scotch Thistle Greenhouse continued operations overseen by George Osborne, himself widowed in 1901. It operated as late as 1916 before it was closed and removed from the site by 1917.

Following Henry’s death, Mary remained at the house raising their youngest surviving son Elmer Linn Fuller along with her son-in-law George Osborne and his mother Anna Foster (Teel) Osborne. George remarried in 1910 and returned to his native state of Massachusetts by 1920.

Fuller Mansion with Scotch Thistle Greenhouse

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Mary (Linn) Fuller with her 3 surviving sons, their wives and children pose for a family photo at the Fuller Mansion in 1913.

Fuller Family Photo at Fuller Mansion – 1913

Back Row (L-R): Elmer Linn Fuller | Jean Osborne Palmer (Elmer’s Wife) | Edith Larancy Fuller (Guy’s Wife) | Guy Goss Fuller

Mary Isabelle Linn (Henry Fuller’s Widow) | Bertha Harris Cherrington (James’ Wife) | James Elmo Fuller

Front Row: Kathleen Palmer Fuller (d/o Elmer & Jean) | Isabelle Abbie Fuller & Grace Wilson Fuller (d/o Guy & Edith)

Donald Walker Fuller & Linn Cherrington Fuller (s/o James & Bertha)

(Photo courtesy of Kathryn Clark)

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Mary remained at the house until the early 1930s when illness forced her to move to Quincy, Massachusetts to live with her son James Elmo Fuller and his wife Bertha Cherrington and their family. Mary passed away in Quincy in 1933 and is interred with Henry at Pine Grove Cemetery.

Fuller Mansion

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Following Mary’s death, James & Bertha moved back into the house after he retired and were listed as the owners on the 1943 map. James passed away in 1947 and Bertha remained in the house for the next few years until 1959. Many Hartland locals recall Bertha giving piano lessons on the pair of pianos she had in the 2 front rooms.

Fuller Mansion

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A 1956 newspaper article highlighted Mrs. Bertha (Cherrington) Fuller’s career as an accomplished pianist.

Bertha (Cherrington) Fuller Article – 1956

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Bertha took a very bad fall in 1959 when she was about 76 years old and was confined to a nursing home in Skowhegan until her death in 1968. In January of 1960, she transferred ownership of the house to her son, retired U.S. Marine Corps Brigadier-General Donald Walker Fuller, Sr, who resided in Philadelphia at the time. 

In April of 1962, Donald sold the Fuller Mansion to Linwood & Marion (Ireland) Vanadestine who converted it into a boarding home for the mentally challenged operating as Vanadestine’s Boarding Home. After a new exterior coat of paint, the house was often referred to locally as the “Pink Mansion” due to its new vibrant color.

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It was purchased by Connie (Bunker) Nelson-Brown about 1978 who continued its use as a boarding home operating as The Ensign Boarding Home for many years.

Former Fuller Mansion as The Ensign Boarding Home – 1987

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Dr. Charles Avery Moulton (1860-1946) was born in Concord, Maine. He attended Westbrook High School then graduated from Bowdoin Medical School in 1885. He practiced medicine for a year in North New Portland before moving to St Albans in 1886 where he continued his medical practice. In 1893, feeling the need for better means of communication in the areas he served, Dr. Moulton and several local businessmen began the St Albans Telegraph Company. In 1894 Dr. Moulton decided the telephone was a better communication device and established the St Albans & Hartland Telephone Company with 12 original subscribers including several in Hartland.

In 1897, Dr. Moulton moved to Hartland to be more centrally located to his numerous patients in the St Albans, Palmyra & Hartland areas while continuing his operations of the St Albans & Hartland Telephone Company in St Albans. While their new house was being built, they resided next door at the former John J. Morrill Homestead. Dr. Moulton and his wife Abigail A. Lunt (1861-1940) were living at their new home on Elm Street at the time of the 1900 Census with their daughter Ina Mae Moulton (1891-1960) the year before the birth of their son Arthur Lunt Moulton (1901-1985).

In 1903, Dr. Moulton re-organized his telephone company business and incorporated as the Hartland & St. Albans Telephone Company in 1903 with the new company’s office located on the 2nd floor of his Elm Street residence. The new company continued to operate its lines independently for a short time until December of 1904 when The New England Telephone Company announced they had assigned a portion of their service territory to the newly formed telephone company.

Hartland & St. Albans Telephone Company Directory – 1908

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Following his move to Hartland, Dr. Moulton became a leading entrepreneur in the new era of telephone communication and electrical power distribution. He lived out the rest of his life in Hartland serving as a local family doctor, hospital administrator, businessman and an active member in town affairs until his death in 1946. Dr. Moulton’s contributions to Hartland and the surrounding communities are immeasurable by any standard. During his 50+ years of medical practice he served the people of Hartland, St Albans & Palmyra where he performed regular house calls to care for the sick, delivered children and made death pronunciations.

Along with his telephone company, he was also founder of the Hartland Electric Light & Power Company, founder of Scott-Webb Memorial Hospital where he also served as Administrator and Resident Physician. He served as a Hartland Town Selectman, Hartland School Physician, Hartland School Committee Member and Trustee of the Hartland Public Library . He was a 50 Year Member & Master of the Hartland Chapter of the Corinthian Lodge, Noble Grand of the Hartland Chapter of the I. O. O. F., and President of the Maine Medical Association as well as being a devoted husband and father. Dr. Moulton is interred at Pine Grove Cemetery with his wife and 2 children.

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Around 1913, a creamery was built at the railroad yard in Hartland operated by the D. Whiting & Son Creamery Company who owned numerous creameries in the area. Following its closure around 1922, a new creamery was built on Elm Street in 1924 by A. G. Braley & G. F. Braley of Somerville, Massachusetts who had purchased several creameries in the area including Winslow, Burnham, Albion and Detroit operating as Elm City Creamery. The new creamery sat back off Elm Street across the street from the Fuller Mansion before it was razed and replaced by new houses. Hartland native John F. Connelly was one of the first Managers of the Elm City Creamery’s Hartland Branch working there in 1926 before he went to work for H. C. Baxter Brothers Canning Company and eventually the Hartland Tanning Company.

Bangor Daily News – November 29, 1924

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Elm Street from Warren Square

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Edmond Lee Fuller (1865-1930) and his 2nd wife Lillian Adelaide Clark moved into their Elm Street home by 1920 with their daughter Angilee Lillian Fuller. Following Edmond’s death, Angilee and her newly wedded husband Harold Emery Seekins moved to St Albans with their infant son Edmond Harold Seekins and were joined there by Lillian. The house was purchased soon after by Owen Rowe and his wife Beulah Lancaster.

Edmond Lee Fuller Residence

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Edmond Lee Fuller Residence

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By 1943, several new houses had been built along Elm Street.

Elm Street Residence Ownership – 1943

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Numerous schoolhouses were located throughout the Village, North Hartland and West Hartland for students attending Primary through 8th Grade in the Hartland School System since its early settlement. As many as 14 separate school districts which existed over the decades were eventually funneled down into a handful of rural schoolhouses in the early 1910s before the last standing rural school at Fuller’s Corner was closed in 1942 and students from every region of Hartland attended school in the Village.

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Click the link below for a complete history of Hartland Common Schools

Hartland Common Schools

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Overcrowding had been an ongoing issue for the Hartland School Department for many years. The eventual closure of all its rural schools further intensified the ongoing need for a larger, dedicated schoolhouse for its elementary grade students.

In 1949, the citizens of Hartland voted to build a new schoolhouse and in April of 1950 construction began on the Hartland Consolidated School on a 9-1/2 acre lot which was part of the original James Fuller, Jr homestead. The lot was purchased from the Estate of Dr. Jennie Fuller which Carl Randlett was Trustee.

Building the Hartland Consolidated School – 1950

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The new Hartland Consolidated School served Primary through Grade 8 area students for the next 18 years until Nokomis Regional High School opened in 1968. With its high school grade students now attending Nokomis, 7th & 8th Graders began attending school at the former Hartland Academy renamed as Hartland Junior High School while the Hartland Consolidated School housed Primary through 6th Grade students.

Hartland Consolidated School – Primary to Grade 8

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In the late 1990s, a large addition was built onto the rear of the building which included a new multi-purpose gymnasium, classrooms and library. Along with town and state funding, numerous private donations were made including a sizable donation which was acknowledged by its namesake as the Irving Tanning Community Center.

Irving Tanning Community Center Sign

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Following the opening of a new area middle school in 2002, Hartland Consolidated School served only Primary through Grade 4 students.

Somerset Valley Middle School – Blake Street – Grade 5 to Grade 8 – 2002

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Hartland Consolidated School closed its doors as an educational facility after plans to build a new Nokomis Regional High/Middle School complex were approved in 2017. The students at Hartland Consolidated School were moved to the middle school building and once the new Nokomis complex opened in 2019 Somerset Valley Middle School was renamed as Somerset Elementary School for Primary through Grade 4.

Somerset Elementary School – Primary to Grade 4 – Blake Street – 2019

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Former Hartland Consolidated School – 2019

(Photo courtesy of Will Bunker Photography)

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In 2021, the original Hartland Consolidated School building built in 1950 was razed making way for a new Senior Housing Complex.

Hartland Senior Housing Complex under construction – August 2021

(Photo by Bruce Fowler)