Township No. 3 – 1st Range North of the Plymouth Claim – East of the Kennebec River
Numerous documents, books, articles and reports relating to Hartland have been discovered over the years and are presented below with many of the documents transcribed from their original source. Our search always continues for further information and will be updated as found.
~ Deed for Hartland to Dr. John Warren – June 15, 1799 ~
Know all men by these presents that we whose names are undersigned and seals are hereunto affixed, appointed as committee by the General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, with full power & authority, to sell and convey the unappropriated lands of said Commonwealth, lying within the District of Maine, in consideration of Eight Thousand, One Hundred and Forty Nine Dollars and Thirty Cents, to us in hand paid by John Warren of Boston in the County of Suffolk and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Physician, for the use of said commonwealth, the receipt whereof we do hereby acknowledge, have given, granted, sold and conveyed, and by these Presents, in behalf of said Commonwealth, do give, grant, sell and convey unto the said John Warren assignee of Moses Barnard and Joseph Hilton both of Deerfield, & Isaac Thom & George Reid both of Londonderry, and all of the State of New Hampshire, Esquires, and their associates, a Township of land lying in the County of Lincoln, and containing about Thirty Thousand Acres (be the same more of 1%,) the said Township being Number Three in the First Range, north of the Plymouth Claim, on the East side of Kennebec River, as the same was surveyed by Samuel Weston in the year Seventeen Hundred & Ninety Two; bounded Easterly by number five in the fourth range north of the Waldo Patent, in part; and partly by township number five in the third range above said patent; Southerly by the Township last mentioned in part, and partly by the Plymouth claim; Westerly by number two in first range north of the Plymouth claim; and northerly by number two in second range north of the Plymouth claim in part, and partly by number three in the range last mentioned, and by moose (?) on Picard Pond.
Excepting and reserving however, four lots of three hundred and twenty acres each for the following uses viz., One lot for the first settled minister his Heirs or assigns – One lot for the use of the ministry – One lot for the use of schools – One lot for the future disposition of the General Court. The said lots to average in situation and quality with the other lands in said Township.
To have and to hold, the above granted Premises with the appurtenances thereof to the said John Warren, his Heirs or assigns forever, on condition that the said John Warren, his Heirs or assigns shall grant and convey to each settler in said Township, who settled therein, before the First day of January, Seventeen Hundred and Eighty Four, or in case of his decease without assignment, then to his Heirs and in case of assignment, then to the assigns, One hundred acres to be so laid out, as will best include the improvements of the settler, and be least injurious to the adjoining lands, so as that the settler, his Heirs or assigns may hold the same in fee simple.
Provided that the settler his Heirs or assigns shall within one year after notice and request, pay to the grantees named in this Deed, their Heirs or assigns, Five dollars, and on this further condition, that the said John Warren, before the twentieth day of June, One Thousand Eight hundred and One, shall settle twenty families within said township, and before the twentieth day of June, One Thousand Eight hundred and Five shall settle twenty families more.
And the said committee covenant with the said John Warren, that the said commonwealth shall warrant and defend the above granted Premises to him the said John Warren, on the said condition and saving the reservations aforesaid, to him his Heirs and assigns forever; against the lawful claims and demands of all persons; the above granted Township having been contracted for, by the said Moses Barnard, Joseph Hilton, Isaac Thom and George Reid and their associates, on the Twenty Sixth day of February One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety Six.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals, this Fifteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord, Seventeen Hundred and Ninety Nine.
Signed, Sealed & Delivered in presence of:
Nathaniel L. Wells – Leonard Jarvis – John Read, Sr – John Vinall – John Read, Jr
Boston, Suffolk County, Commonwealth of Massachusetts – June 15, 1799
Personally appeared the above named Nathaniel L. Wells, Leonard Jarvis & John Read acknowledged this instrument to be their free act and Deed before John Vinall, Justice of the Peace
~ 1810 Federal Census ~
Early settlers of what became part of Hartland Village in the Commercial Street area referred to it as “Fairhaven” in the 1810 Federal Census. There were roughly 2 dozen families living in Fairhaven at the time which was still part of St. Albans. Settlers living at the time in the North Hartland & West Hartland regions were reported on another Census page under Township No. 3.
U. S. Federal Census – 1810
Transcription of the 1810 Census as listed in order by Head of Household and number of people in the household: William Moor, Issachar Cook, Samuel Grant, John Lyford, Asa Rowell, Abraham Moor, Isaac Rowell, Samuel Moor, James Martin, Abel Hackett, Judah Hackett, John Smart, Paul Felker, Asa Wiggin, Joseph Watson, Jonathan Hilton, Willoby Cook, Luke Grover, Joseph Dearborn, James Palmer, Benjamin French.
In 1811, early settlers petitioned the Commonwealth of Massachusetts General Court to organize as a plantation as noted in the Maine State Yearbook & Legislative Manual, however our search for this documentation continues for confirmation. Hartland took its name by request of its inhabitants when they petitioned the Commonwealth of Massachusetts General Court for incorporation as a town. While several theories exist, documented origins of the selected town name remain unknown.
~ Petition to Incorporate the Town of Hartland – 1820 ~
To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court
Assembled on the Second Wednesday of January 1820:
We, your petitioners, inhabitants of Township No. Three, so called, bounded West by Cornville, North by Athens and Harmony, East by St. Albans and Palmyra and South by the Ell of Palmyra and mile and a half strips, so called, humbly represent that there is upwards of fifty families in said Township, and that we labor under many and great inconveniences whereby we cannot in our present situation by any legal means raise money for the support of schools or the making or repairing of roads. We therefore pray your honors to incorporate said Township in a town by the name of Hartland, and as in duty bound we pray.
Thomas Smith Abraham Steward Wesley Christy Isaac Rowell John Davis Samuel Jewitt James Stewart Ezra Withee (Sr)
Uzziel Withee Solomon Spencer Asa Withee James Darling J. Withee Hobbs Perkins George Fuller James Fuller (Sr)
Ambrose Finson Ezekiel Dunlap Joseph Steward Jed Hammond Levi Flagg John Hammond William Fa _ _ th Andrew Phelps
Joseph Phelps John Smith Thomas Huff Benjamin Huff James Huff Moses Huff John Spearin Isaiah Woodbury (I)
Joseph Bowley Uriah Spearin Amos Tucker David Mitchell James Jordan Richard Cook N. Thurston
Hartland became the 235th Town in the then District of Maine of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on February 7, 1820. It would be the next to last town to incorporate before Maine became a State on March 15, 1820. (Etna was the last on February 15, 1820)
~ Act to Incorporate the Town of Hartland – 1820 ~
Commonwealth of Massachusetts – In the Year of our Lord, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled and by the authority of the same, that the Township Numbered Three in the County of Somerset commonly called Warren Town, as described by the following boundaries be and hereby is incorporated and established as a town by the name of Hartland; west by Cornville; north by Athens and Harmony; east by St. Albans and Palmyra; southerly by the L of Palmyra, so called; thence from the west line of said L to the southeast corner of Cornville, including the mile and half strip.
And the inhabitants of the said town of Hartland are hereby vested with all the corporate powers and privileges and shall be also subject to the like duties and requisitions of other corporate towns according to the Constitution and laws of this Commonwealth and any Justice of the Peace for the County of Somerset is hereby empowered upon application therefor to issue a warrant directed to a freehold inhabitant requiring him to notify and warn a meeting of the freeholders and other inhabitants of the said town of Hartland to meet at such convenient time and place as shall be appointed in said warrant for the choice of such officers as towns are by law empowered and required to choose at their annual town meetings.
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Passed by the Massachusetts House of Representatives – February 4, 1820
Passed by the Massachusetts Senate – February 5, 1820
Approved by Massachusetts Governor John Brooks – February 7, 1820
The Act to Incorporate the Town of Hartland recorded by the Massachusetts General Court may also be seen on the link below:
~ Warrant for the First Town Meeting in Hartland – March 13, 1820 ~
To Ambrose Finson, Esquire – Town of Hartland
You are hereby required in the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to summons and notify the freeholders and other inhabitants of said town qualified by law to vote in town meetings viz; such as pay to one single tax besides the Poll or Polls a sum equal to two thirds of a single poll tax, to assemble at Joseph Stewards on Monday the Thirteenth day of March at Ten of the clock in the forenoon to act on the following articles, viz;
1. To choose a Moderator
2. To choose a Town Clerk
3. To choose Selectmen and Assessors
4. To choose a Town Treasurer
5. To choose Surveyors of Highways
6. To choose Surveyors of Bords
7. To choose Fence Viewers
8. To choose one or more Tythingmen
9. To choose a Committee to district the town into Highway and School Districts
10. To choose a Pound Keeper
11. To choose Field Drivers
12. To choose a Collector of Taxes
13. To choose a Constable.
And all other business the town thinks proper.
Given under my hand seal this Third day of March 1820
William Moor – Justice of the Peace (seal)
Pursuant to the within warrant I have summoned and notified the inhabitants of said town qualified as there in expressed to assemble at the time and place and for the purpose within mentioned.
~ Payment Vouchers ~
Vouchers were a common means of payment in the early years of Hartland and could be for written by Town Selectmen for about any type of service or goods including Teachers, School Agents and Doctors. As noted, payment was often made in products such as corn, rye or grain.
James Fuller, Sr – School Agent – November 18, 1823
Joseph Bowley – Boarding School Master & Wood – March 24, 1824
Mary Ann French – Teacher – April 9, 1825
Eunice Hook – Teacher – April 9, 1825
Aurilla Stafford – Teacher – September 8, 1828
Orinda Kendra – Teacher – August 6, 1829
John Kinsman – Teacher – March 18, 1830
Dr. Calvin Blake – Medical Services – March 30, 1830
~ The Civil War ~
Virtually every town in Maine sent their boys into The Civil War and Hartland was no exception. One in-depth look written by Wayne Libby at how our small Maine community raised its quota of troops during the Civil War with a listing of known participants is presented below:
Lewiston Evening Journal – February 11, 1916
~ Hartland Town Reports ~
Up until 1888, Warrants were posted around Hartland with generalized information pertaining to the upcoming Town Meeting. In the early years, the 1st Town Meetings were followed up by more detailed meetings to discuss and vote on specific financial appropriations per line item.
Hartland Town Meeting Warrant – 1865
The first detailed Town Report printed for distribution to Hartland Citizens was the 1888-1889 report which noted, “At the last annual meeting held on March 19, 1888, the following vote was passed and accordingly the following report has been made. That the Selectmen’s Report shall be printed in full, giving each order, in favor of whom and for what purpose, also that said report shall be issued at least one week before the annual meeting.”
A collection of mostly post-1900 individual Hartland Town Reports may be found below at the link to the University of Maine at Orono’s Folger Library website listed in .pdf format chronologically by year. Most of the Hartland Town Reports were digitally scanned for the Folger Library by Hartland Historical Society Member Ann Foss.
~ U. S. Federal Census Special Addendum – 1890 ~
Although most of the 1890 U. S. Federal Census was destroyed, a Special Schedule for surviving Civil War Veterans or their widows was saved. The schedule asked several questions including their Rank, Company & Regiment they served and any recurring health issues. Of the roughly 90 men who enlisted in Hartland, served and remained living there following the war (many of course had moved), only 27 were still alive (13 widows are listed) at the time. Though the war had ended some 26 years before, the listing of disabilities/symptoms shown in the section at the bottom reveals most of these Veterans suffered long after from the harsh and brutal conditions they endured during their service.
~ Street Names – 1897 ~
At the 1897 Town Meeting, the citizens of Hartland voted to accept an updated list of names for the existing streets in the Village. Most of the streets retained their original names at the vote, however there were a few exceptions.
Street Name Article – 1897
The square next to the Baptist Church to be called; Warren Square
From said square to J.H. Baker’s; Main Street
From said square to the Palmyra Town Line going south; Elm Street
From said square to the St. Albans Town Line going east; Academy Street
From said Academy Street at the point of T. A. Linn’s (Thomas Archibald Linn) going north; Blake Street
From said square to the St. Albans Town Line going north; Commercial Street
From A. J. Moor’s (Amasa James Moor) to said Commercial Street going east; North Street
From the Iron Bridge to said Commercial Street going east; Water Street
From A. J. Moor’s to said Main Street going south; Mill Street
From said Main Street at the point of J. S. Page’s (John S. Page) going south; Pittsfield Avenue
From said Main Street at the point of N. M. Webb’s (Nathan M. Webb) going northerly to Rowell’s Hill; Pleasant Street
Before the changes in 1897, Commercial Street was known as North Street.
North Street was known as Billings Street after Josiah Billings who built a tannery on the north side of the Upper Dam in 1852. It was later referred to by many locals as Upper Georgetown.
Water Street was known as Georgetown or Lower Georgetown. The upper section of Mill Street from the Iron Bridge to North Street was known to locals as Bridge Street.
Seekins Street did exist until 1903 when Walter E. M. Seekins first extended a new street from Commercial Street through to Blake Street.
Moore Street was only an entry from the Mill Street side into the Moor’s various lumber mill & furniture making operations. It was extended through to Main Street by 1896 but remained a private way until 1955. It was referred to as Webb Avenue by many locals.
Hubbard Avenue was officially recognized by the town as a public street in 1958 named for Ensign S. Hubbard. It is unknown exactly when the 2 original extended driveways met to form the now familiar horseshoe avenue but for many years the two entryways were known respectively as Fairgrieve Street on the river side and Hubbard Avenue from the other side.
Crosby Street was also recognized as a street in 1958. It began as a private entry built by the Martins to their gravel pits and was named for Elwin L. Crosby, grandfather of Mike Crosby of Crosby & Neal Funeral Home.
~ East Somerset County Register for 1911-1912 ~
This register provides a detailed overview of Hartland as of 1912 including some its early settlers, businesses, churches, organizations and a listing of Town Officials beginning in 1850. A transcription of the original Hartland related pages of the book may be seen below.