Township No. 3 – 1st Range North of the Plymouth Claim – East of the Kennebec River

Numerous documents, books, articles and reports relating to Hartland have been discovered over the years and are presented below with many of the documents transcribed from their original source. Our search always continues for further information and will be updated as found.

~ Deed for Hartland to Dr. John Warren – June 15, 1799 ~

Know all men by these presents that we whose names are undersigned and seals are hereunto affixed, appointed as committee by the General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, with full power & authority, to sell and convey the unappropriated lands of said Commonwealth, lying within the District of Maine, in consideration of Eight Thousand, One Hundred and Forty Nine Dollars and Thirty Cents, to us in hand paid by John Warren of Boston in the County of Suffolk and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Physician, for the use of said commonwealth, the receipt whereof we do hereby acknowledge, have given, granted, sold and conveyed, and by these Presents, in behalf of said Commonwealth, do give, grant, sell and convey unto the said John Warren assignee of Moses Barnard and Joseph Hilton both of Deerfield, & Isaac Thom & George Reid both of Londonderry, and all of the State of New Hampshire, Esquires, and their associates, a Township of land lying in the County of Lincoln, and containing about Thirty Thousand Acres (be the same more of 1%,) the said Township being Number Three in the First Range, north of the Plymouth Claim, on the East side of Kennebec River, as the same was surveyed by Samuel Weston in the year Seventeen Hundred & Ninety Two; bounded Easterly by number five in the fourth range north of the Waldo Patent, in part; and partly by township number five in the third range above said patent; Southerly by the Township last mentioned in part, and partly by the Plymouth claim; Westerly by number two in first range north of the Plymouth claim; and northerly by number two in second range north of the Plymouth claim in part, and partly by number three in the range last mentioned, and by moose (?) on Picard Pond.

Excepting and reserving however, four lots of three hundred and twenty acres each for the following uses viz., One lot for the first settled minister his Heirs or assigns – One lot for the use of the ministry – One lot for the use of schools – One lot for the future disposition of the General Court. The said lots to average in situation and quality with the other lands in said Township.

To have and to hold, the above granted Premises with the appurtenances thereof to the said John Warren, his Heirs or assigns forever, on condition that the said John Warren, his Heirs or assigns shall grant and convey to each settler in said Township, who settled therein, before the First day of January, Seventeen Hundred and Eighty Four, or in case of his decease without assignment, then to his Heirs and in case of assignment, then to the assigns, One hundred acres to be so laid out, as will best include the improvements of the settler, and be least injurious to the adjoining lands, so as that the settler, his Heirs or assigns may hold the same in fee simple.

Provided that the settler his Heirs or assigns shall within one year after notice and request, pay to the grantees named in this Deed, their Heirs or assigns, Five dollars, and on this further condition, that the said John Warren, before the twentieth day of June, One Thousand Eight hundred and One, shall settle twenty families within said township, and before the twentieth day of June, One Thousand Eight hundred and Five shall settle twenty families more.

And the said committee covenant with the said John Warren, that the said commonwealth shall warrant and defend the above granted Premises to him the said John Warren, on the said condition and saving the reservations aforesaid, to him his Heirs and assigns forever; against the lawful claims and demands of all persons; the above granted Township having been contracted for, by the said Moses Barnard, Joseph Hilton, Isaac Thom and George Reid and their associates, on the Twenty Sixth day of February One Thousand Seven Hundred and Ninety Six.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and seals, this Fifteenth day of June, in the year of our Lord, Seventeen Hundred and Ninety Nine.

Signed, Sealed & Delivered in presence of:
Nathaniel L. Wells – Leonard Jarvis – John Read, Sr – John Vinall – John Read, Jr
Boston, Suffolk County, Commonwealth of Massachusetts – June 15, 1799

Personally appeared the above named Nathaniel L. Wells, Leonard Jarvis & John Read acknowledged this instrument to be their free act and Deed before John Vinall, Justice of the Peace

~ 1810 Federal Census ~

Early settlers of what became part of Hartland Village in the Commercial Street area referred to it as “Fairhaven” in the 1810 Federal Census. There were roughly 2 dozen families living in Fairhaven at the time which was still part of St. Albans. Settlers living at the time in the North Hartland & West Hartland regions were reported on another Census page under Township No. 3.

U. S. Federal Census – 1810

Transcription of the 1810 Census as listed in order by Head of Household and number of people in the household: William Moor, Issachar Cook, Samuel Grant, John Lyford, Asa Rowell, Abraham Moor, Isaac Rowell, Samuel Moor, James Martin, Abel Hackett, Judah Hackett, John Smart, Paul Felker, Asa Wiggin, Joseph Watson, Jonathan Hilton, Willoby Cook, Luke Grover, Joseph Dearborn, James Palmer, Benjamin French.

In 1811, early settlers petitioned the Commonwealth of Massachusetts General Court to organize as a plantation as noted in the Maine State Yearbook & Legislative Manual, however our search for this documentation continues for confirmation. Hartland took its name by request of its inhabitants when they petitioned the Commonwealth of Massachusetts General Court for incorporation as a town. While several theories exist, documented origins of the selected town name remain unknown.

~ Petition to Incorporate the Town of Hartland – 1820 ~

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in General Court

Assembled on the Second Wednesday of January 1820:

We, your petitioners, inhabitants of Township No. Three, so called, bounded West by Cornville, North by Athens and Harmony, East by St. Albans and Palmyra and South by the Ell of Palmyra and mile and a half strips, so called, humbly represent that there is upwards of fifty families in said Township, and that we labor under many and great inconveniences whereby we cannot in our present situation by any legal means raise money for the support of schools or the making or repairing of roads. We therefore pray your honors to incorporate said Township in a town by the name of Hartland, and as in duty bound we pray.


Thomas Smith       Abraham Steward      Wesley Christy      Isaac Rowell        John Davis      Samuel Jewitt      James Stewart      Ezra Withee (Sr)

Uzziel Withee         Solomon Spencer       Asa Withee            James Darling     J. Withee         Hobbs Perkins    George Fuller        James Fuller (Sr)

Ambrose Finson    Ezekiel Dunlap            Joseph Steward    Jed Hammond    Levi Flagg        John Hammond  William Fa _ _ th   Andrew Phelps

Joseph Phelps        John Smith                  Thomas Huff         Benjamin Huff    James Huff      Moses Huff          John Spearin        Isaiah Woodbury (I)

Joseph Bowley       Uriah Spearin             Amos Tucker         David Mitchell    James Jordan  Richard Cook      Nathaniel Thurston

Hartland became the 235th Town in the then District of Maine of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts on February 7, 1820. It would be the next to last town to incorporate before Maine became a State on March 15, 1820. (Etna was the last on February 15, 1820)


~ Act to Incorporate the Town of Hartland – 1820 ~

Commonwealth of Massachusetts – In the Year of our Lord, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Twenty

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General Court assembled and by the authority of the same, that the Township Numbered Three in the County of Somerset commonly called Warren Town, as described by the following boundaries be and hereby is incorporated and established as a town by the name of Hartland; west by Cornville; north by Athens and Harmony; east by St. Albans and Palmyra; southerly by the L of Palmyra, so called; thence from the west line of said L to the southeast corner of Cornville, including the mile and half strip.

And the inhabitants of the said town of Hartland are hereby vested with all the corporate powers and privileges and shall be also subject to the like duties and requisitions of other corporate towns according to the Constitution and laws of this Commonwealth and any Justice of the Peace for the County of Somerset is hereby empowered upon application therefor to issue a warrant directed to a freehold inhabitant requiring him to notify and warn a meeting of the freeholders and other inhabitants of the said town of Hartland to meet at such convenient time and place as shall be appointed in said warrant for the choice of such officers as towns are by law empowered and required to choose at their annual town meetings.

Alden Bradford
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Passed by the Massachusetts House of Representatives – February 4, 1820
Passed by the Massachusetts Senate – February 5, 1820
Approved by Massachusetts Governor John Brooks – February 7, 1820

The Act to Incorporate the Town of Hartland recorded by the Massachusetts General Court may also be seen on the link below:

Laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts

A number of original Hartland Vital Records from 1820 to 1891 have been digitally scanned on the Family Search Website. Not EVERY record from these years is contained but there are many birth and marriage records along with early Town Meeting Reports. You will need an existing account or you need to create a new account to view these records, but it is a FREE site to join. Instructions to access the file are noted below.
Family Search Website Home Page
Instructions to access the Hartland Vital Records File:
Once you are signed in, click on SEARCH on the toolbar on top of the Home Page.
Select IMAGES from the pull down menu, then type in Hartland, Maine in the SEARCH BOX.
Click on the file name Hartland, Maine, Somerset County, United States (which will automatically appear), then hit SEARCH IMAGE GROUPS.
Click on the “1 result” for the 319 pages of 1820-1891 Vital Records of Hartland to open the file.
General Index for Hartland Vital Records File:
Page 7-30: Alphabetical Surname Listing (Mostly 1880s Children – Unknown random report)
Page 34-44: Delayed Birth Certificates from late 1800s filed between 1934-1953
Page 50-113: Town Reports from 1820-1829
Page 114-116: Recorded Marriages from 1820-1827
Page 117-128: Family Lineages done between 1820-1832 including children names and birth dates
Page 134-224: Recorded Marriages from 1840-1869
Page 230-317: Recorded Marriages from 1869-1891

~ Warrant for the First Hartland Town Meeting – March 3, 1820 ~

To Ambrose Finson, Esquire – Town of Hartland

You are hereby required in the name of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts to summons and notify the freeholders and other inhabitants of said town qualified by law to vote in town meetings viz; such as pay to one single tax besides the Poll or Polls a sum equal to two thirds of a single poll tax, to assemble at Joseph Stewards on Monday the Thirteenth day of March at Ten of the clock in the forenoon to act on the following articles, viz;

1. To choose a Moderator

2. To choose a Town Clerk

3. To choose Selectmen and Assessors

4. To choose a Town Treasurer

5. To choose Surveyors of Highways

6. To choose Surveyors of Boards

7. To choose Fence Viewers

8. To choose one or more Tythingmen

9. To choose a Committee to district the town into Highway and School Districts

10. To choose a Pound Keeper

11. To choose Field Drivers

12. To choose a Collector of Taxes

13. To choose a Constable.

And all other business the town thinks proper.

Given under my hand seal this Third day of March 1820
William Moor – Justice of the Peace (seal)

Pursuant to the within warrant I have summoned and notified the inhabitants of said town qualified as there in expressed to assemble at the time and place and for the purpose within mentioned.
(signed) Ambrose Finson

~ First Hartland Town Meeting – March 13, 1820 ~

At a legal meeting of the inhabitants of the Town of Hartland, March 13th, 1820, verbally warned for the purpose of choosing Town Officers for the present year. Agreeable to an act of Incor­poration granted by the Massachusetts General Court, February 7th, 1820.

Voted – Ambrose Finson                                                                                 Moderator

Voted – Ambrose Finson                                                                                 Town Clerk

(Oath administered by William Moor, Justice of the Peace)

Voted – Ambrose Finson                                                                                 First Selectman

Voted – Isaac Rowell                                                                                        Second Selectman

Voted – Ebenezer Odlin                                                                                  Third Selectman

Voted – Ambrose Finson, Isaac Rowell and Ebenezer Odlin                     Assessors of Taxes

Voted – James Steward                                                                                    Town Treasurer

Voted – Isaac Rowell and Ebenezer Odlin                                                    Surveyors of Boards

Voted – Joseph Steward, David Wilkins and Joseph Bowley                      Fence Viewers

Voted – Amos Tucker, David Wilkins and John Nevens                              Tythingmen

Voted – Ambrose Finson                                                                                 Pound Keeper

Voted – Henry Jordan, John Nevens and Nathaniel Starbird                    Field Drivers

Voted – Joseph Steward                                                                                  Constable

Voted – That the lowest bidder shall collect the taxes. Joseph Steward bids four cents on the dollar which is the lowest bid. Voted to accept Ambrose Finson and James Steward, bondsmen for Joseph Steward, Collector of Taxes.

The several Town Officers chosen at this meeting had the oath of their respective offices administered by Benjamin French in presence of the meeting.

Submitted by Ambrose Finson, Town Clerk

~ Hartland Town Meeting – April 3, 1820 ~

Voted $150.00 for the support of the schools.

Voted $600.00 to be expended on the highways.

Voted $75.00 to defray Town Charges.

Submitted by Ambrose Finson, Town Clerk

~ Hartland Town Meeting – April 17, 1820 ~

Voted to pay 12 cents an hour for labor of men and oxen until the last day of July and 10 cents after that time.

Voted to pay all taxes in grain, it being delivered at the col­lectors betwixt the twentieth and the last day of February next.

Submitted by Ambrose Finson, Town Clerk

~ Payment Vouchers ~

Vouchers were a common means of payment in the early years of Hartland and could be for written by Town Selectmen for about any type of service or goods including Teachers, School Agents and Doctors. As noted, payment was often made in products such as corn, rye or grain.

James Fuller, Sr – School Agent – November 18, 1823

Joseph Bowley – Boarding School Master & Wood – March 24, 1824

Mary Ann French – Teacher – April 9, 1825


Eunice Hook – Teacher – April 9, 1825

Orilla Stafford – Teacher – September 8, 1828


Orinda Kendra – Teacher – August 6, 1829

John Kinsman – Teacher – March 18, 1830


Dr. Calvin Blake – Medical Services – March 30, 1830

 ~ Hartland Town Reports ~

Up until 1888, Warrants were posted around Hartland with generalized information pertaining to the upcoming Town Meeting. In the early years, the 1st Town Meetings were followed up by more detailed meetings to discuss and vote on specific financial appropriations per line item.

Hartland Town Meeting Warrant – 1865

The first detailed Town Report printed for distribution to Hartland Citizens was the 1888-1889 report which noted, “At the last annual meeting held on March 19, 1888, the following vote was passed and accordingly the following report has been made. That the Selectmen’s Report shall be printed in full, giving each order, in favor of whom and for what purpose, also that said report shall be issued at least one week before the annual meeting.”

A collection of mostly post-1900 individual Hartland Town Reports may be found below at the link to the University of Maine at Orono Folger Library website listed in .pdf format chronologically by year. Most of the Hartland Town Reports were digitally scanned for the Folger Library Collection by Hartland Historical Society Member Ann Foss.

Hartland Town Report Collection

~ Street Names – 1897 ~

At the 1897 Town Meeting, the citizens of Hartland voted to accept an updated list of names for the existing streets in the Village. Most of the streets retained their original names at the vote, however there were a few exceptions.

Original Street Name Article – 1897

The square next to the Baptist Church to be called; Warren Square

From said square to J.H. Baker’s; Main Street

From said square to the Palmyra Town Line going south; Elm Street

From said square to the St. Albans Town Line going east; Academy Street

From said Academy Street at the point of T. A. Linn’s (Thomas Archibald Linn) going north; Blake Street

From said square to the St. Albans Town Line going north; Commercial Street

From A. J. Moor’s (Amasa James Moor) to said Commercial Street going east; North Street

From the Iron Bridge to said Commercial Street going east;  Water Street

From A. J. Moor’s to said Main Street going south; Mill Street

From said Main Street at the point of J. S. Page’s (John S. Page) going south; Pittsfield Avenue

From said Main Street at the point of N. M. Webb’s (Nathan M. Webb) going northerly to Rowell’s Hill; Pleasant Street


Street Notes

Before the changes in 1897, Commercial Street was known as North Street.

North Street was known as Billings Street after Josiah Billings who built a tannery on the north side of the Upper Dam in 1852. It was later referred to by many locals as Upper Georgetown.

Water Street was known as Georgetown or Lower Georgetown. The upper section of Mill Street from the Iron Bridge to North Street was known to locals as Bridge Street.

Seekins Street did exist until 1903 when Walter E. M. Seekins first extended a new street from Commercial Street through to Blake Street.

Moore Street was only an entry from the Mill Street side into the Moor’s various lumber mill & furniture making operations. It was extended through to Main Street by 1896 but remained a private way until 1955. It was referred to as Webb Avenue by many locals.

Hubbard Avenue was officially recognized by the town as a public street in 1958 named for Ensign S. Hubbard. It is unknown exactly when the 2 original extended driveways met to form the now familiar horseshoe avenue but for many years the two entryways were known respectively as Fairgrieve Street on the river side and Hubbard Avenue from the other side.

Crosby Street was also recognized as a street in 1958. It began as a private entry built by the Martins to their gravel pits and was named for Elwin L. Crosby, grandfather of Mike Crosby of Crosby & Neal Funeral Home.

~ East Somerset County Register ~

This register provides a detailed overview of Hartland as of 1912 including some its early settlers, businesses, churches, organizations and a listing of Town Officials beginning in 1850. A transcription of the original Hartland related pages of the book may be seen below.

East Somerset County Register 1911-1912